The Independent Accountability Resolution Process is responsible for reviewing select complex infractions cases in Division I. The IARP was created in response to recommendations issued by the Commission on College Basketball, chaired by former U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice.
Member schools adopted a series of significant changes in August 2018, including the addition of the Independent Accountability Resolution Process to the existing infractions process. The creation of independent groups to handle select complex infractions cases and minimize perceived conflicts of interest was the intended purpose of the Independent Stucture.
Complex cases may include alleged violations of core Association values, such as failing to prioritize academics or the well-being of student-athletes; the possibility of significant penalties; or conduct that is contrary to the cooperative principles of the existing infractions process. Multiple parties can request referral of an infractions case: school representatives, the Division I Committee on Infractions chair or the vice president of the enforcement staff.
The Independent Accountability Oversight Committee oversees the independent process. It consists of the chair and vice chair of the Division I Board of Directors and three of the newly appointed independent members of the Board of Governors.
In addition to overseeing all operational matters, the committee appoints independent external investigators and advocates on the Complex Case Unit, selects members of the Infractions Referral Committee, and nominates members of the Independent Resolution Panel.
The Infractions Referral Committee decides whether to approve or reject requests to refer infractions cases to the independent process.
The committee consists of a member of the Independent Resolution Panel (serves as chair), a member of the Division I Committee on Infractions, a member of the Division I Infractions Appeals Committee, and the chair and vice chair of the Division I Council.
The Complex Case Unit includes both external investigators and advocates with no school or conference affiliations as well as one member of the enforcement staff. Independent investigators and advocates are a vital part of the new process. When a case is referred to the independent structure, the Complex Case Unit will assess whether further investigation of the facts is needed. The unit then will conduct any additional investigation and shepherd the case through its review by the Independent Resolution Panel.
The Independent Resolution Panel reviews the allegations issued by the Complex Case Unit and the school’s response to those allegations. It then conducts a hearing, decides whether violations occurred and prescribes penalties. The panel consists of 15 members with legal, higher education and/or sports backgrounds. Once a case is referred to the IARP, a hearing panel consisting of five Independent Resolution Panel members is generated.
Decisions issued by the Independent Resolution Panel are final and are not subject to appeal or further review.